|Common name:||Desert Locust|
|Ethiopian name:||Yeberha Anbeta|
|Main hosts:||Polyphagous with some preference for Gramineae|
|IMPORTANCE IN ETHIOPIA:|
|Minor pest of:||Barley, Maize, Sorghum, Wheat|
|Nymphs and adults feed on the leaves and soft shoots. They eat from the margin inwards which results in irregularly shaped feeding marks. Swarms will usual completely defoliate crops.|
|INSECT BIOLOGY & RECOGNITION:|
|Egg:||The ovipositor is used to make a hole in the sand, about 10 cm deep. The eggs are laid in this hole and covered with a froth that hardens. The egg pod contains 70-100 eggs. Eggs are rice shaped. Each egg is 7-8 mm long and 1.0-1.3 mm broad. A female may lay 4 or 5 of these egg pods. Depending on the temperature, the development of the eggs will take two weeks or longer.|
|Nymph:||The first worm like larva finds its way through the egg
pod to the soil surface. There it molts and becomes a "hopper". Hoppers have
5 instars before becoming an adult. There are solitary and gregarious
hoppers. Those two phases differ in colour and behaviour.
|Adult:||In swarms, adults are first pink but may become rose,
brown or orange brown when conditions are cool, e.g. in mountains. When they
mature the colour changes to bright yellow in males and dull yellow in
females. In solitarious forms the colour is greyish or brownish, but males
may become yellow when they mature. Males are 40-50 mm, females are 50-60 mm
long. The translucent forewings are greenish yellow with many brown spots.
Between the forelegs they have a peg like structure (compare with Locusta
migratoria migratorioides). There are several generations per year.
Text adapted from:
INSECT PESTS OF CEREALS IN ETHIOPIA identification and control methods by Hein Bijlmakers, FAO/UNDP Project ETH/86/029 Crop Protection Phase II, Addis Ababa, October 1989